Here is the list of potential career paths or specialties that medical students can think about before applying for residency.
Anesthesiology- specializes in administering medications and other agents to prevent or relieve pain during surgery.
Child Neurology- specializes in brain disorders in children.
Dermatology- concerns with diagnosing and treating skin disorders.
Emergency Medicine- cares for patients with acute illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention.
Family Medicine- consists ofprimary care physicians.
Internal Medicine- deals with nonsurgical illnesses of internal organs for mostly adults. It also has many subspecialties such as cardiology, gastroenterology, oncology, etc.
Medical Genetics- diagnoses and manages hereditary disorders.
Neurodevelopmental Disabilities- specializes in those with neurodevelopmental disabilities.
Neurological Surgery- involves brain surgeries.
Neurology- specializes in brain disorders.
Nuclear Medicine- utilizes radioactive substances to diagnose and treat diseases.
Obstetrics-Gynecology- consists of experts for pregnancy and women’s health.
Ophthalmology- expertises in eye disorders.
Orthopedic Surgery- is a branch of surgery related to musculoskeletal systems.
Otolaryngology- relates to diagnosis and treatment of ear and throat.
Pathology- deals with lab examination of body tissue samples for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
Pediatrics- specializes in illnesses in children.
Pediatrics/Child Psychiatry- involves mental health of kids.
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation- aims to improve or restore the functions of physical disabilities.
Plastic Surgery- concerns alterations, corrections, and restorations of form and functions.
Preventative Medicine- emphasizes on preventing a disease rather than treating patients’ symptoms.
Psychiatry- specializes in mental health of adults.
Radiation Oncology- relates to treatment of cancer using radiation therapy.
Radiology- Diagnostic- uses various imaging tools to diagnose diseases.
Surgery- deals with operations and instrumental techniques on patients to investigate or treat pathological conditions. It has many subspecialties.
Thoracic Surgery- focuses on operations of the heart, lungs, esophagus and other organs in the chest.
Urology- concerns urinary tracts disorders.
Vascular Surgery- is a branch of surgery regarding operations of arteries and veins.
Feel free to add more specialties you can think of to the list.